Skin and Nail Lounge Blog

UVB and UVA rays: how do they differ and what is their impact on the skin?

UVB and UVA rays: how do they differ and what is their impact on the skin?


UV rays only account for 5% of the sun rays that reach the earth, but they are very powerful. There are several kinds. While UVC rays are blocked by the ozone layer, UVA and UVB rays reach the earth and have an effect on the skin.

UVA: A as in “ageing” or “allergies”


Occurring throughout the year and even on cloudy days, UVA’s account for 95% of the ultraviolet rays that touch the earth’s surface. They pass through clouds, glass and the epidermis; unlike UVB’s, they are painless and can penetrate very deeply into the skin to reach the cells of the dermis. As they primary produce free radicals, they can alter cells in the long term and bring about:

  • Photoageing: A change in the orientation of elastin and collagen fibres, causing skin to slacken and lose its firmness and wrinkles to appear
  • Sun intolerance, commonly referred to as sun allergies (redness, itching, summer light eruption)
  • Pigmentation disorders (pregnancy mask, spots)
  • Development of skin cancers.

UVB: B as in “burns” or “bronzed skin”


UVB rays constitute 5% of the ultraviolet radiation received on the earth. They are very high in energy and are stopped by clouds and glass; they can penetrate the epidermis.  They are responsible for tanning, but also burns (sunburns), allergic reactions and skin cancers. It is therefore important to protect the skin from both UVA and UVB rays.

Nine Tips On How to Use Solar Protection

Nine Tips On How to Use Solar Protection

With the arrival of the good weather, our skin is exposed to solar radiation. Without proper protection, it can suffer from irreversible damage and can age prematurely.

Therefore, at Skin and Nail Lounge we would like to offer you nine tips on how to use solar protection and keep your skin healthy, avoiding skin pigmentation, freckles and wrinkles. Take note!

  1. Prepare your skin. Exfoliate your skin and moisturise it (inside and outside). You will be better prepared, you will decrease the risk of skin reactions to the sun and you will reinforce its natural protection.
  2. Always protect it. Just because you aren’t going to the beach or the swimming pool doesn’t mean that you’re not going to catch the sun. Strolling along the street, in the park or sitting on a terrace, your skin is also exposed to solar radiation.
  3. Choose the best for you. It is a great mistake to choose last year’s solar protection. Solar protection has a defined shelf life therefore you must take note of its expiry date. It is important to choose a solar protection factor in keeping with your kind of skin and your lifestyle.
  4. Apply to clean skin. You should apply it to clean skin free from products that contain alcohol or perfume, such as deodorant or cologne.
  5. Take care of every part. It is a good idea to use one special solar protection on the skin of your neckline, neck and face which are more sensitive and another one on the rest of your body.
  6. Apply conscientiously. You should apply the product with circular movements until it is fully absorbed. Pay special attention to sensitive areas such as your chest and shoulders, which are usually constantly exposed to the sun. At the same time, you should apply the cream evenly without leaving any areas such as your ears, eyelids, forehead or neck uncovered. A mistake can be very damaging!
  7. Do it in time. You should apply solar protection about 30 minutes before going out in the sun so that your skin has time to absorb it and to be protected.
  8. Repeat the process. Reapply the sun protection regularly, in keeping with the filter of the product and the activity you are doing. Rub more on after each bathe or if you have been doing exercise. Water and sweat can eliminate the product.
  9. Keep yourself moisturised. The skin loses water due to the effect of the sun meaning that you need to keep it moisturised. Cleanse it to remove impurities, chlorine from the swimming pool or salt from the sea. Drink water and use a good lotion that alleviates, repairs and moisturises. Your skin will remain healthy, attractive and flexible and you will prolong your tan.

Take care of your skin and enjoy the sun!


When It Comes to Skincare, It’s Important to Start Young

When It Comes to Skincare, It’s Important to Start Young

In the same way you can’t expect to not exercise for 40 years, and all of a sudden get fit, you can’t expect beautiful skin at 40 when you haven’t taken care of your skin up until then. It’s important to educate children from a young age that their skin is their biggest organ and it has an important job to do, so it cannot be taken for granted.

We hear so much about prevention when it comes to skin care, and for good reason: By taking care of our skin early on, we can help to preserve its youthful appearance for years to come.

3 Important Tips for Young Skin

  1. Hygiene

    We’re surrounded by germs and we touch our face a thousand times a day. Make sure you get into the habit of washing your hands on a regular basis, and instil this habit in your children. It is such a simple thing to do, yet we don’t do it often enough. Wash your face in the morning and evening: this removes all the excess oil, pollution and dead skin cells sitting on your face at the end of each day.

  2. Sunscreen

    Besides preventing skin cancer, wearing sunscreen will also help to prevent premature ageing such as wrinkles, brown spots and discolouration.  A recent study reported that people who apply sunscreen everyday show 24% less skin ageing when compared to people who only use sunscreen part-time. It’s important to start this habit from a young age before the damage is done. Most skin aging starts at a young age. The sun can begin to degrade collagen in the early childhood years when sun exposure first begins. In fact, a smattering of freckles is often a child’s first visible sign of sun exposure.

  3. Daily skin care regime

    Get into a daily skin care regime which includes: cleansing, toning, applying sunscreen, moisturiser, and exfoliating once a week. This covers the very basic needs of your skin and will ensure a good foundation for when you are older. Many external factors dehydrate our skin every day, and when skin is dry, cells are shed too fast. By using a moisturiser you are helping to normalise cell turnover and the skin’s barrier function can work at its optimum capacity. As we get older, our skin loses its ability to hold moisture, and then it is important to introduce added help in the form of serums and specialised anti-aging creams.